Analysis & report: Has the Privacy Shield Agreement Between the U.S. and the EU Been Fatally Undermined by President Trump’s Executive Order 13768?
This analysis is an in-depth look at the January 2017 Executive Order 13768, Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States and its interaction with two laws, the Privacy Act of 1974 and the Judicial Redress Act of 2015. Regardless of the reasons underlying why the order was written, a key question this analysis considers is if the order damages the EU-US Privacy Shield agreement, which depends on the dual interactions of the Privacy Act and the Judicial Redress Act to function properly. This analysis finds the order indeed casts doubt on the viability of the limited privacy protections for non-resident aliens in the Judicial Redress Act of 2015. If so, the Judicial Redress Act of 2015 does not provide all EU citizens with the meaningful privacy protections that they expected. The effect may be to fatally undermine the EU-US Privacy Shield Agreement.